The readability of the story is greatly influenced by the perspective from which a story is written. This aspect of point of view makes the story interesting and different. There are commonly three types of perspectives in which a story can be written. They are
- First person point of view
- Second person point of view
- Third person point of view
The point of view in which a story is written depends on what type of story it is and what the author tries to incorporate in the story.
First person point of view:
The first person point of view is written when the author himself/ herself wants to narrate the story. In this, the pronouns used are I, me, my, mine, we, us, our. This aspect is commonly used in fictional stories or in some autobiography writings like memories or personal essays. It is rarely used in academic writing.
Second person point of view:
When the author likes to emphasize his/ her points in an essay such that the reader is likely to follow the essay. The pronouns such as you, your, yours are used in this aspects. It is mostly used in stories which are narrated to kids. This second person point of view is used in writings which provide guidelines and advice to the readers. This is also found rare in academic writing.
Third person point of view:
The third person point of view is the common aspect in which the stories are written. It explains the story in the observer’s point of view. In this, the pronouns like he, she, it, they are used. In possessive point, him, her, his, it or theirs are used. In most of the fictional stories, third person point of view I used since it explains the whole story as a single picture.
Using a single point of view in a story is common. Can we combine two aspects of point of view in a single story?
Will that story provides the incurred meaning ?
Still there is a much confusion regarding this dilemma in the world of literature.
The success of combining any two perspectives in a story depends on the type of story chosen and the concept of the story.
How to say the story?
The answer to this question helps better. Once the author decides how to say his/ her story, the fusion of point of view in which the story has to be narrated can be decided.
Before mixing first and third point of view in a story:
The following has to be considered before mixing the first and third point of view,
- Know the concept of the story
- Examine when to use which point of view
- Do not mix two perspectives in a single chapter
- Examine the emotional differences
- Determine if it is said publicly or private
- Decide the tone and usage accordingly
Selection of concept:
The concept of the story is selected and is only then the aspect in which point of view it has to be delivered should be decided. The fusion of first and third person point of view is decided according to the selection of concept of the story.
Examine when to use:
Examine when to use which point view and then use accordingly. The extent of usage and the place of usage is necessary to avoid errors.
Not in a single chapter:
The two points of view should be used in different chapters or sections. If they are used together in a same chapter, it will confuse the readers. So, first and third point of view should be used in separate parts in a same story.
The first point of view can bring out more emotions in a story, since the perspective is from a single eye. The points given here will have more emotions. The readers will have more adherence towards these emotions. Third point of view reveals ideas as a third person. It also generates a separate kind of emotions which are different from first person of view. So, while mixing these two, this emotional difference should be examined clearly and then used as per this difference.
Public or private:
Determine whether the chapters of a story are to be said publicly or privately. This will help to decide about when to use which point of view.
Decide the tone and usage:
After examining the above said details, the tone and usage of the point of view are selected and then they are used accordingly. Since there are two points of view used in a single story, the tone should not complicate the readers. It should be simple and easy to understand by the readers. Thus, while mixing first and third person point of view in a single story, the above said guidelines would help a writer. This will help to enhance the readers